German painter, printmaker
and stained-glass artist
attended the Fachschule für Textilindustrie and the Kunstgewerbeschule
in his native Krefeld (1905–9), where Johan Thorn Prikker showed him
the power of line and color and introduced him to the work of Vincent
van Gogh and Paul Cézanne. Despite living outside Munich, he came
into contact with the 'Blue Rider' circle in 1911 and exhibited in their
first show because he shared a studio with August Macke's cousin.
Macke's influence, along with
that of Robert and Sonia Delaunay, is evident in Campendonck's
harmonious and often transparent application of Fauvist
colors. After 1911, Franz Marc came to be a significant
influence on his art, as well. Unlike Marc, however, Campendonck's
mystical portrayals of animals in nature included figures. Works of
this sort were featured both in the 'Blue Rider' Almanac and in
Herwarth Walden's periodical Der Sturm. Another
inspiration was Gabriele Münter's work on glass; spurred by her
enthuastic example, Campendonck learned traditional glass melding
techniques along with Kandinsky, Marc and Macke.
An art educator in Rhineland
schools, he exhibited also with the so-called 'Rhenish Expressionists'
and experimented with a wide variety of styles such as Cubism, Futurism
After emigration in
1935 to Holland, he taught at the Art Academy in Amsterdam and remained
in that city until his death..
Self-portrait with flower, 1918.
Horse with Colts (Pferd
(Sitting harlequin and animals),
woodcut OR (they look just alike online) Seated Woman with
Animals, 1916, woodcut.