DER BLAUE REITER - HEINRICH CAMPENDONCK

German painter, printmaker and stained-glass artist Heinrich Campendonck (Campendonk)  (1889-1957)  attended the Fachschule für Textilindustrie and the Kunstgewerbeschule in his native Krefeld (1905–9), where Johan Thorn Prikker showed him the power of line and color and introduced him to the work of Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cézanne.  Despite living outside Munich, he came into contact with the 'Blue Rider' circle in 1911 and exhibited in their first show because he shared a studio with August Macke's cousin.

Macke's influence, along with that of Robert and Sonia Delaunay, is evident in Campendonck's harmonious and often transparent application of Fauvist colors.   After 1911, Franz Marc came to be a significant influence on his art, as well.  Unlike Marc, however, Campendonck's mystical portrayals of animals in nature included figures.  Works of this sort were featured both in the 'Blue Rider' Almanac and in Herwarth Walden's periodical Der Sturm.   Another inspiration was Gabriele Münter's work on glass; spurred by her enthuastic example, Campendonck learned traditional glass melding techniques along with Kandinsky, Marc and Macke.

An art educator in Rhineland schools, he exhibited also with the so-called 'Rhenish Expressionists' and experimented with a wide variety of styles such as Cubism, Futurism and Orphism. 

After emigration in 1935 to Holland, he taught at the Art Academy in Amsterdam and remained in that city until his death..

BELOW:  
Self-portrait with flower, 1918.
Horse with Colts (Pferd mit Fohlen)
Carnival (Sitting harlequin and animals), 1922, woodcut OR (they look just alike online) Seated Woman with Animals, 1916, woodcut.

  'Self-Portrait with Flower' by Heinrich Campendonck

 ' Pferd mit Fohlen' by Heinrich Campendonck

Woodcut by Heinrich Campendonck

 

 



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